Today denim is present in wardrobe of everybody. And after a couple of centuries ago, it was considered only like a working clothing item. As you have guessed, today we will focus on a fabric such as denim. Versatile and practical, and I think that there are not many people who remember how jeans have appeared.
Properties of denim
Denim fabric is very dense and hard material made of cotton, so tailoring denim used not in its pure form, but with the addition of Lycra or spandex fibers. This makes for comfortable wear things. The fabric has a high wear resistance and hygroscopicity. Jeans with elastane prone to severe shrinkage in width and in length. The density of the material varies depending on the application:
The density of from 6 to 10 ounces are used for easy tailoring, shirts.
Material in the 10-14 ounces used in the tailoring of jackets, coats, hats, pants.
The history of denim
There are a variety of stories about the origin of denim and everybody can chooses a favorite. But one thing is certain, the word denim comes to us from the French city of Nimes, where once existed a production of cloth for sails of ships.
The first who came up with stitching denim clothes were Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis. They received a patent for the sewing work clothes, with copper fittings in 1873. The preference of this tissue gave only one principle: it was strong and durable.
Production of denim
It consists of material dyed cotton yarns and unpainted, they are called “duck”. Threads are the basis of the color of the fabric, and therefore we see them from the front of the product. Weft threads are always on the wrong side. Typically thread ratio is three to one.
Also in the production of denim fabrics can often use selvage. This tissue, which is based on a colored thread woven into a colorless rim. This technology does not allow to unravel the material. In many cases, the thread color is a distinctive feature of some brands.
The natural dye which stained denim, this “indigo”. He has an intense blue color. Recently uneven cotton fabric used for its manufacture, which enables the creation of horizontal and vertical stripes in Figure material.
Gossypium barbadense – requires a special farming techniques for growing and gathering cotton is cultivated in only three countries: Egypt, the United States and Turkmenistan. It attracts long fiber producers, up to 7 cm in the share of world supply -. 7%.
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Upland cotton – cotton from Mexico. The physical properties of its fibers, reaching 2.5 cm in length, make it possible to produce a sleek jeans.
Cotton from Zimbabwe – a cheap substitute Gossypium barbadense, allowing manufacturers to offer different things denim range of buyers.
Cotton from Asia and India – the raw material for the inexpensive clothing.
The characteristics and types of denim
Denim – is tight, resistant to mechanical influences woven fabric formed by twill weave cotton fibers from raw materials of the highest class. Threads, embarks on a foundation – a duck, is not subjected to staining, which is why the reverse side of the finished fabric is always white. Front Side COLOUR from light blue to pale blue.
Denim with interlacing fibers on the principle of a broken twill designed by John Walker for the company Wrangler, which released the first batch of trousers made of cloth with a “herringbone” pattern in 1964.
Denim chambray – thin cloth for sewing summer things.
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Jean – otherwise known as denim budget prepared by replacing a significant part of the cotton fiber yarns made of polyester, viscose.
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Stretch denim required in the production of items adjacent silhouette obtained using a textile process elastane fibers.
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Warm demi-season type of things, obtained by joining flannel, fleece or other thick fabric to the wrong side of the web. As a unifying component used fleece or dublerin.
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Combining cotton yarn with silk, get well, “breathable” fabric for summer things.
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